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当前位置:首页 > 杂志 > 2018年11月杂志_广告材料的成本控制与产品特性

2018年11月杂志_广告材料的成本控制与产品特性

2018-10-31

只要是做标识的你,一定会每天触碰标识材料,本期我就与大家一同分享,在标识制造这程
中遇到的标识材料的选择以及这些材料特性,首先我先例举几项标识材料以及熟知的这些材
料供应商都有哪些。 
Sourcelist: substrates
广告材料供应商

Aluminum composite material/ACM
铝塑板/复合材料/ACM
3A Composites USA
Grimco
Laminators Inc.
Mitsubishi Plastic Composites
Nudo Products Inc.
United Industries
Engraving materials
雕刻材料
Duets by Gemini
Rowmark
Foam core
发泡板
3A Composites USA
Encore Products
Gilman Brothers
United Industries
Laminated plywood
胶合板
Laminators Inc.
Nudo Products Inc.
Medium density fiberboard/MDF
中密度纤维板
Extira
PVC board
PVC板
3A Composites USA
Kommerling
Vycom
High density urethane board/HDU
高密度聚氨酯板
Coastal Enterprises
Corafoam HDU
SignArts Products
Wood panels
木板
Allwood Sign Blanks
When it comes to substrates for signs, you have plenty of possibilities. A quick count on the website of a major sign supplier yields over 90 different signage substrate materials, and that’s not counting the thickness and color options.
当你需要在制作广告标识涉及选择板材时,其实你有很多种选择性。仅仅在标识供应商的网站,你就可以快速的查询到超过90种不同的标识板材,其中还不包括厚度和颜色选项。

The 3-ft.-tall letters are router-cut white ACM board faced with metallic blue and orange high performance vinyl. The yellow graphic is finished with exterior acrylic paint. Steve Luck, Sign Magic, Godfrey, Illinois
史提夫,标识魔术师,戈弗雷,伊利诺斯  3英尺高字母,白色ACM板,金属蓝和橙色高密度聚氨酯板,黄色图形由丙烯酸外墙漆完成。
Most of the substrates that sign makers use every day are not materials that are used every day in most other industries, such as construction. Many are specialized materials that found a home in the sign industry because of the unique characteristics they offer. You won’t find most of them at a big box home improvement store.
大多数标识制造商每天使用的板材还是与其他行业(如建筑)使用的材料有区别的,许多是特殊的专用材料,在标识行业,每个标识供应商专注的领域和制作的产品都具有他们独特的特点,基本上你不会只考虑一家供应商。

Letters are black PVC board faced with printed vinyl with matte laminate mounted on a 48-by-66-in. background made from pallet wood. Braun Bleamer, Jet Signs, Palmerton, Pennsylvania
布劳恩布莱默,喷气式飞机标识,帕默顿,宾夕法尼亚,字母由黑色PVC板材UV打印,安装在48 - 666英寸木材底盘上。
Every sign maker has their favorites— substrates that have proven themselves and work well with the shop’s production methods. At the same time, it’s important to step out of the comfort zone to take advantages of the benefits of other substrates.
每个标识制作者都有他们最喜欢的板材,在标识制造过程中,结合标识制造商的生产工艺和设备,可以很好的表现这些材料的特性,同时可以尝试利用不同的广告材料进行加工制作。
Traditional standards Before the arrival of composites, plastics and foamed plastics, medium density overlaid plywood [MDO], aluminum sheet and solid wood panels were the most commonly used sign substrates for exterior use. MDO is strong and easy to cut, especially to custom shapes. Aluminum is smooth, comes prefinished and is relatively easy to fabricate.
最常用的户外标识材料:复合材料、PVC板和发泡板、中密度胶合板MDO、铝塑板和实木板。MDO的性能很强大,易于切割,易于自定义形状,铝塑板表面光滑,容易制造。

Stage-blasted plank effect background on HDU panel with ¾-in. PVC letters mounted on it. Braun Bleamer, Jet Signs, Palmerton, Pennsylvania
布劳恩布莱默,喷气式飞机标识,帕默顿,宾夕法尼亚,PVC字母安装在HDU面板上面。
It’s hard to beat the natural beauty of western red cedar. Laminated cedar sign panels are available in a variety of thicknesses and sizes.
与西方的红杉美景自成一体,层压雪松板可以制作各种厚度大小的标识。
ACM options Aluminum composite material [ACM], also called aluminum composite panels [ACP], see a lot of use for signage today. The cost of ACM panels can vary considerably, depending on composition, thickness of the aluminum and the flatness of the sheet. ACM comes in a wide variety of colors and finishes. ACM has either a solid plastic core or a corrugated plastic core. Solid core panels vary in core composition and thickness of the aluminum used on the two faces. The thickness of the aluminum skins can vary from as little as .05 to .2 or even more. Thicker skins add to the cost.
ACM铝复合材料也称为铝塑ACP板,很多标牌都都采用此材料。ACM板的价格是根据铝的成分、厚度和板的平整度有区别。ACM板具有各种各样的颜色和规格。ACM要么是实心塑料芯,要么是波纹塑料芯。实心芯板是根据其中加有的铝芯成分和厚度而有所不同。铝皮的厚度可以从0.5到2不等,甚至更多。铝的厚度是成本增加主要原因。

Sandblasted redwood panel with a hand-carved texture on the HDU letters. Josey Reinhardt, Davinci Signs, Jasper, Georgia
乔西莱因哈德,达芬奇标识,贾斯珀,格鲁吉亚,标识选用板材为:喷砂红木面板与手工雕刻HDU板。
Corrugated panels are more rigid and weigh less than solid core panels of the same thickness. The aluminum skin is usually thicker than solid core materials. Common panel thicknesses range from 3mm to 10mm. 
波纹板比相同厚度的实心芯板更为刚性并重量轻。铝皮通常比实心芯材料厚。常见的面板厚度范围从3mm到10mm。
The core of lower cost panels may not be as flat as those on pricier panels. If you are printing on a flatbed printer, this can be an issue. A wavy panel can cause problems.
低成本面板的平整度不是很好如果你在平板打印机上打印,这可能是个问题,波纹板同样也不适合打印。
The lettering was cut from an aluminum panel then backed up by a matte black panel. The yarn ball was made of steel and allowed to rust, then clear coated so as not to stain the building. Knitting needles are aluminum. Judy Grossman, JG Signs & Designs, Sonora, California
朱迪格罗斯曼,JG标识设计,索诺拉巫术市场,加利福尼亚,铝塑材刻字,哑光黑面板底。纲制纱线球(防止生锈,涂上涂层,以免污损建筑物)铝材编织针。

HDU for dimension High density urethane board [HDU] is a favorite for 3D signage. It’s stable, durable, easy to machine, carve and finish. It comes in several thicknesses and densities, which are given as the weight in pounds per square foot. The heavier the weight, the more dense and harder the board.
HDU高密度聚氨酯板是3D标志的宠儿,它稳定,耐用,易于加工,易雕刻。它的厚度和密度都是以每平方英尺磅的重量来计算的,重量越重,木板越密,越硬。
All HDU board brands are not the same. Different manufacturing processes yield products with different characteristics, so you will want to experiment compare them.
所有HDU板品牌是不一样的,不同的制造过程会产生不同特性的产品,所以你需要实验比较它们。
Sandblasted cedar panel with HDU letters and ribbon panel. Josey Reinhardt, Davinci Signs, Jasper, Georgia
喷砂雪松面板与杭州电子科技大学的信件和带状面板。乔西莱因哈特,达芬奇标识,Jasper,格鲁吉亚

PVC board is a rigid plastic sheet that comes in several thicknesses and colors. It is a popular choice for signage because it is easy to mill and it’s paintable. Some brands are designed for long-term exterior use; others are for interior or shorter exterior applications. Finishes vary, too—some have a gloss finish while others have a matte, slightly textured finish. PVC is prone to expansion and contraction, so that must be accommodated when fastening and installing.
PVC板是一种刚性塑料板,它有多种厚度和颜色。这种材料很受标识制造者的欢迎,因为它是很容易裁切和打印。有些品牌是为长期的室外使用而设计的;有些品牌用在室内或者较短时间的室外应用。PVC容易膨胀和收缩,所以在紧固和安装时必须加以小心,否则就会开裂。

Exterior fiberboard panels Medium density fiberboard [MDF] is a wood fiber composition board. It is used in construction work and also sees use as a sign substrate. It is heavier than many other options, but is practical for CNC router work and other uses. Not all MDF panels are designed for exterior use, so use a product like Extira for exterior signage.
中密度纤维板MDF是一种木纤维复合板。它被用于建筑工程中,同时也可以应用在标识板材,它也是很不错的标识材料首选之一,对于CNC雕刻来说也是很实用的选择。并非所有的MDF面板都用于室外的标识制作,它也可以成为室外标牌的配套材料。
CNC-cut ½-in. painted acrylic letters stud mounted on black ½-in. Sintra PVC panel. Letters are finished with gloss Matthews Acrylic Polyurethane paint. Dennis Stanworth, Stanworth Signs, Walnut Creek, California
丹尼斯斯坦沃思,Stanworth Signs,沃尔纳特克里克,加利福尼亚,数控切割加工。字母钉安装在黑色的亚克力板上。
本次先分享到这里,总之,我觉得制造标识真的是一件非常有趣的事情,因为你可以结合不同的材料,创作出非常多意想不到的作品。现在被纳入到制造广告标识的材料越来越多,结合先进的工艺设备和标识设计,我相信,未来的标识会更有创意,更佳新颖。



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