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当前位置:首页 > 杂志 > 2018年3月杂志——如何制作一个精美的牙科标识

2018年3月杂志——如何制作一个精美的牙科标识

2018-05-10

Every once in a while, life teaches us a lesson. Sometimes the learning comes years later, but often it arrives sooner than you expect. This was our experience at Mammoth Handcrafted Signs in our hometown of Hot Springs, SD, just a few hours from Mt. Rushmore. Our first attempt at a new sign for Massa Dental blew away in a storm wind the very day we installed it. But that detail is near the end of my story and lies far ahead.

我们通常会在生活中学习到很多经验,有些经验你可能需要有过几年的经历才能得到,但有时经验的获取也许会比你预期得更早。这是我在我家乡南达科他州温泉镇Mammoth手工制造标Mammoth Handcrafted Signs)中学习标识安装时所获得的经验,我们所在的地方距离拉什莫尔山只需要几个小时的路程。那时,我们的第一份工作就是为马萨牙科制作一个新的标识,但是在我们将制作好的标识完成安装后,它就轻易地被暴风摧毁了,这是当时制作标识时的一个小插曲,接下来让我完整地讲述那次制作标识的经历。

Treatment plan

标识安装计划的制定

After the initial designs and subsequent refinements were made, a toothbrush-themed sign was agreed upon. The design called for the toothbrush shape to be cut from 18-lb. sandblasted HDU sandwiched around a skeleton of ¾-in. square steel tubing, which was to be the framework and post for hanging the main signage. Toward the end of the design phase, the client requested additional signs featuring the dentists’ names.

经过最初的设计和后续的改进,我们首先商定好了牙刷主题标识的大致雏形。制定好的设计要求牙刷标识的重量为18磅,并且使用一个方形钢管作为悬挂主标支撑物,我们需要对安装在方形钢管¾英寸处的标牌进行喷砂处理。在设计阶段即将结束时,客户要求添加额外的写有牙医姓名的标

 

Due to the size and shape of the toothbrush, we outsourced its routing to Tim Chayka, owner of TC Custom Woodworking (Black Hawk, SD). His team cut and routed a space for the steel frame spine of the toothbrush. Next, we primed and painted the brush façades with 1 Shot Imitation Gold.

考虑到牙刷标识的大小与形状,我们将安装轨道的任务外包给了TC木工定制的主人Tim Chayka。他的团队通过切割制作出了牙刷标识内部的脊柱钢架。而我们则给牙刷的立面涂上了偏闪光的仿金色。

 

The substrate for the signs with the dentists’ names was first primed and painted, then masked off. After sandblasting, we kept the mask in place while painting the background, making the process quicker and reducing the risk of painting over the names. Once the paint dried, all that was left was to remove the flashing that remained around the masked areas with a pass of high-grit sandpaper and minimal paint touchups. We also travelled nearly 70 miles to a previous collaborator, Alan Dalhman, owner of Nitro Alley Inc. (Rapid City, SD), who specializes in sandblasting, to finish the material removal, which Al accomplished within an hour.

随后给标有牙医名字的标识涂上底漆,遮盖住标识字母的表面。喷砂之后,我们在为背面上色的同时依旧保持遮盖不动,这样可以使工作更顺利地进行,减少因为喷漆不当而导致的失误出现。当油漆完全干掉之后,剩下的就是用高砂纸将边缘打磨平滑最少的油漆修补没有完全漆好的地方借此除去遮盖面周围闪光的部分。我们还走了将近70英里,拜访以一位合作者Alan Dalhman,他是Nitro Alley 公司拉皮特城,南达科他州)的管理专门从事喷砂的业务他可以在一小时内完成材料去除的工作

 

 

 

The next major step was cutting and welding the square stock to shape. After measuring, we determined the angles by laying out the materials on a Rhino Mat with 1-in. increment grid lines. Using the grid, we adjusted the angles to achieve square. Once welded, we inserted the frame into the routed-out portion of the toothbrush. Along with testing the fit, we hooked up the finished signs to check the stability of the frame (which was originally designed to hold only the main sign). The additional weight of the doctors’ signs stressed the frame and moved us a half-inch from square at the length of the signs. Reinforcing the frame then took top priority. We cut and rewelded the frame while adding upper and lower support bars to alleviate the flexing.

接下来的一个主要步骤是切割和焊接方形材料。在对数据进行测量之后,我们通过在1英寸的垫上铺设材料来确定角度。通过使用垫子上的网格线来调整角度切割一个我们想要的形状。一旦焊接好标识周边,我们将框架牙刷”安装在一起。在测试是否能完全对应插入的同时,我们会将完成的标识部分安装好,借此检查框架的稳定性(最初设计为仅容纳主标)。展示医生信息的标识增加了框架的承重量,并把我们标的长度延长了半英寸。因此现在最重要的增强标识框架的载重量。我们对框架进行重新切割和焊接,同时加上上下支撑杆,以减少框架弯曲的几率

 

Filling a cavity

弥补失败

The following week we arrived at the install location and removed the previous sign. We blocked the bottom of the post hole to keep the new sign from sinking in the soft soil. To allow the groundskeeper room to trim around the sign, we increased the height between the bottom of the toothbrush and the ground to 12 in. We then mounted the ¾-in. square stock inside 1-in. square tubing that was set in concrete. The sign frame and square tubing were subsequently bolted together to allow easy removal.

接下来的一周,我们到达安装地点,并移除了以前的标。我们堵住了柱子的底部,以防止新的标识陷入软土中。为了让园丁能够在标周围修剪花草,我们将牙刷底部和地面之间的高度增加到了12英寸。然后我们将标识底部¾英寸的部分安装进了用混凝土镶嵌1英寸方管内。随后,我们将标识框架和方管用螺栓连接在一起,以便于拆卸。

As is common in South Dakota, a storm quickly started to brew. Within half an hour, wind gusts up to 50 mph whistled through the hills. As we loaded up to head back to the shop, a giant blast of wind slammed into the sign. The brackets and frame held, but the stress on the linkage to the signs ripped the sign foam away. Floating on the wind briefly, it careened to the ground, where it smashed and lay in pieces.

南达科他州经常会产生风暴天气。半小时之内,风速可高达每小时50英里。当我们装上标识的头部回到店里时,一阵突如其来的风暴对标识造成了严重的影响。虽然托架和框架依旧保持着原样,但互相连接的标识却因为风暴的压力而被撕扯成散落的泡沫。它们有的被吹散在风中,有的散落到地下,摔成了碎片。

 

Crowning achievement

新标识的诞生

Learning from our failure was crucial in determining the key areas in need of redesign. Immediately we contacted the client and informed him of the situation. Back at the drawing board, we decided on an updated twist on their old sign while incorporating the theme from our previous attempt. Adding a second toothbrush to the opposite side changed our design to a double-post panel system, greatly increasing the stability. The additional toothbrush allowed us to redesign the support beams above and below the main signage, and as an added redundancy of support, we increased the interior frame structure to 2 x 1-in. steel tubing.

总结这次失败的教训,关键就是确定需要重新设计的重要领域。我们立即与客户联系,并告知他们具体情形。回归制图原稿,我们决定对旧标识进行更新,同时结合我们以前尝试的主题。我们改变之前的设计,在另一侧增加第二把“牙刷”形状的支撑架,这样就大大增加了标识的稳定性。新增的牙刷支撑架要求我们重新设计主标牌上方和下方的支撑横梁,并且因为新增了支撑架,我们就必须为内部框架结构增加一个2×1英寸的钢管来支撑。

Because the support beams could now hold the main sign, its need to be free-hanging was eliminated. The new design combined both signs into a rigid format while remaining within the confines of the client’s dimensions. Determined to create a sign capable of withstanding the winds, we increased the thickness of the sign foam to 1½ in.

因为新增的支撑横梁可以固定主标识,所以之前设计的悬挂模式就取消了。新的设计将两种标识结合在一起,同时保证了标识的尺寸在客户的要求范围之内。为了创造一个能够承受风暴的标识,我们将用于制作标识的泡沫板厚度增加到1½英寸。

 

The setback of our first sign meant that our new version would have to be made as quickly as possible. To adjust for the diminishing deadline, we opted to have Tim and his team rout our main signs rather than sandblast them ourselves. This gave us time in our shop to increase the realism of the toothbrushes by adding bristle façades made from ½-in. PVC.

由于第一个标识的失败,导致我们在制作这个新的标识时不得不加快进度。为了跟上进度,我们选择让Tim和他的团队帮助我们完成标识的喷砂工作。这样我们就有了充裕的时间为牙刷标识添加一个使用½英寸的PVC材料制作的鬃毛立面,这样就使得牙刷标识的外形更加真实。

Once we received the routed components from TC, we quickly set to priming, painting and assembling our new design.The rigid setup of the new layout proved slightly tricky to transport, but we carefully delivered the fully assembled sign to Massa Dental and got it installed. Luckily (or unluckily) another wind storm blew through the hills a few days later – a perfect opportunity to watch the performance of our newly engineered sign. The new design stood motionless against the wind.

当我们收到TC团队给我们寄过来的标识组件之后,我们很快就开始进行底漆上色、绘制标识图案和按照设计对标识组件进行组装。随后,我们将组装好的标识小心地交给了马萨牙科并安装好了标识。幸运的是(或许也可以称之为不幸)几天后又有一场风暴席卷了山坡,这是观察我们新设计的标识性能的绝好机会。事实证明,新设计的标识即使是在风暴的侵袭下依旧能够保持静止不动。

Lesson learned and an attractive, unique, handcrafted sign for a local dental group.

我们为当地的牙科团体提供了一个很有吸引力、独特的手工标识,并且这也是一次非常有意义的经历。

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